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Bridging the Gap

Psychosis : Training Module

Introduction: Psychosis

Welcome to the “Psychosis” Module, a comprehensive and stand-alone module developed to build upon the Scotland’s Mental Health First Aid (SMHFA) program. This course has been designed to provide you with a thorough understanding of psychosis, as well as equip you with the necessary skills and knowledge to identify, support, and respond to individuals experiencing a mental health crisis related to psychosis.

By the end of this course, you will have a solid understanding of psychosis and the skills necessary to support those affected by it. Whether you are a mental health professional, a caregiver, a teacher, or simply an individual seeking to broaden your knowledge, the “Psychosis” Module offers valuable information and practical strategies to enhance your ability to help those in need.

What is: Psychosis?

Psychosis is a mental health condition characterised by a disconnection from reality. It affects the way a person thinks, feels, and perceives their surroundings, leading to significant impairments in their daily functioning. People experiencing psychosis may have difficulty interpreting the world around them, often due to the presence of hallucinations, delusions, or disorganised thinking.

Hallucinations involve experiencing sensations that are not real, such as hearing voices or seeing things that do not exist. Delusions, on the other hand, are false beliefs that persist despite evidence to the contrary. These beliefs often involve paranoia or grandiosity, and can cause significant distress to the individual. Disorganised thinking refers to a person’s difficulty in maintaining coherent thoughts, speech, or behaviour, which can further impair their ability to interact with others and engage in daily activities.

The exact cause of psychosis is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a result of a combination of genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors. Various mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression, can present with psychotic symptoms. In some cases, substance abuse, medical conditions, or extreme stress can also trigger episodes of psychosis.

Early intervention and appropriate treatment are crucial for managing and recovering from psychosis. Treatment options may include a combination of medication, therapy, and psychosocial support. By addressing the underlying causes and providing tailored support, many individuals experiencing psychosis can lead fulfilling lives and achieve significant improvements in their mental health.

The Facts & Figures: About Psychosis

  • Prevalence: Approximately 3% of the Scottish population will experience an episode of psychosis at some point in their lifetime (Mental Health Foundation).
  • Age of Onset: The majority of first-episode psychosis cases in Scotland occur between the ages of 18 and 35, with a slightly higher rate among males (Scottish Government).
  • Treatment Gap: Nearly 50% of individuals experiencing psychosis in Scotland do not receive timely and adequate treatment, highlighting the need for improved access to mental health services (Scottish Association for Mental Health).
  • Economic Impact: The annual cost of psychosis in Scotland is estimated to be over £1 billion, accounting for healthcare expenses, lost productivity, and other related costs (Mental Health Foundation).
  • Comorbidity: Around 70% of people with psychosis in Scotland also experience at least one other mental health disorder, such as anxiety or depression (NHS Scotland).
  • Comorbidity: Around 70% of people with psychosis in Scotland also experience at least one other mental health disorder, such as anxiety or depression (NHS Scotland).

The Problem: Common misconceptions about Psychosis


Psychosis is the same as schizophrenia

While schizophrenia is a mental health disorder that often includes psychotic symptoms, not all people with psychosis have schizophrenia. Psychosis can be a symptom of various mental health conditions or triggered by other factors, such as substance abuse or medical conditions.

People with psychosis are dangerous and violent

This misconception perpetuates the stigma surrounding mental health issues. In reality, individuals experiencing psychosis are more likely to be victims of violence than perpetrators. Most people with psychosis are not violent, and the risk of violence is typically associated with other factors, such as substance abuse or a history of violent behaviour.

Psychosis is a sign of weakness or personal failure

Psychosis is a medical condition, not a character flaw or a result of personal weakness. It is caused by a complex interplay of genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors that are beyond an individual's control.

Psychotic symptoms are always severe and obvious

The severity and manifestation of psychotic symptoms can vary greatly from person to person. Some individuals may experience milder symptoms that are not immediately recognisable, while others may have more severe and overt symptoms. Early signs of psychosis can be subtle and easily missed without proper knowledge and understanding.

Psychosis is untreatable

Although there is no cure for psychosis, many individuals can experience significant improvements in their symptoms and overall mental health with appropriate treatment and support. A combination of medication, therapy, and psychosocial support can help manage symptoms and promote recovery.

People with psychosis cannot lead fulfilling lives

With proper treatment and support, many individuals experiencing psychosis can lead productive and fulfilling lives. It is important to challenge this misconception to combat the stigma surrounding mental health issues and to encourage hope and optimism for recovery.

Negative & damaging attitudes towards Psychosis are common: There's something you can do for yourself, your friends, your family and your colleagues...

Psychosis: Why should you undertake this training?

By completing the Psychosis Module, you will become more aware of the complexities of psychosis, its diverse presentations, and the appropriate responses in various situations. Whether you’re seeking to support a loved one or enhance your own mental health, this course offers practical guidance for fostering a healthier, more balanced life, better understand and tackle psychosis, and contribute to a world where mental health is treated with the same importance as physical health.


Improved understanding

The "Psychosis" module provides a comprehensive understanding of psychosis, its symptoms, causes, and treatment options, allowing participants to better comprehend this complex mental health condition.

Early detection

By learning the early warning signs of psychosis, participants can identify potential cases sooner, leading to more timely interventions and improved outcomes for affected individuals.

Effective communication

The module teaches practical communication strategies, enabling participants to approach and engage with someone experiencing a psychotic episode in a sensitive and supportive manner.

Crisis support

Participants will learn valuable techniques for providing immediate support during a crisis, such as de-escalation strategies to reduce the intensity of a psychotic episode.

Enhanced empathy

The course promotes empathy and understanding towards individuals with psychosis, helping to break down the stigma and misconceptions surrounding this mental health condition.

Resource awareness

The module educates participants about available treatment options and resources, empowering them to better assist affected individuals in seeking professional help and support.

Confidence building

By gaining knowledge and practical skills in psychosis management, participants can feel more confident in their ability to provide support to those experiencing a mental health crisis.

Community impact

Armed with the knowledge and skills acquired through the module, participants can contribute to fostering a more compassionate, understanding, and supportive community for those experiencing mental health challenges.

Personal growth

The "Psychosis" module not only equips participants with the ability to help others, but also encourages personal growth, self-awareness, and the development of empathy and understanding, which can be beneficial in various aspects of life.

The Good news: There is a training module which will enhance your understanding, and foster empathy and support for those experiencing mental health challenges

Three Hour Module: Psychosis

Discover a world of understanding and support with the “Psychosis” module. Drawing from the successful Scottish Mental Health First Aid (SMHFA) program, this engaging three-hour course is designed to equip you with the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively identify, approach, and assist individuals experiencing a mental health crisis related to psychosis. By participating in this module, you will gain valuable insights into the complexities of psychosis, its symptoms, causes, and various treatment options, ultimately promoting empathy and fostering a more compassionate and supportive community for those affected by this mental health condition.

Whether you are a mental health professional, educator, caregiver, or simply someone seeking to broaden their understanding of mental health, the “Psychosis” module offers an exceptional learning opportunity. Through a combination of informative content, practical strategies, and real-life examples, this course will empower you to make a difference in the lives of those experiencing psychosis. Embark on this transformative journey today, and join countless others who have already benefited from the knowledge and skills acquired through the “Psychosis” module.

What does the “Psychosis” Module Cover?


Defining Psychosis

This area provides a comprehensive understanding of psychosis, its characteristics, and how it differs from other mental health disorders. Participants will learn to distinguish psychosis from other conditions and recognise its distinct symptoms.

Symptoms and Causes

Participants will explore the symptoms of psychosis, including hallucinations, delusions, and disorganised thinking. They will also gain an understanding of potential causes, such as genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors that may contribute to the development of psychosis.

Early Detection and Intervention

This key area highlights the importance of recognising early warning signs and intervening as soon as possible to improve outcomes. Participants will learn to identify these signs and understand the significance of timely intervention in managing and recovering from psychosis.

Communication Strategies

The module teaches effective communication skills for approaching and engaging with someone experiencing a psychotic episode. Participants will learn how to create a safe and supportive environment while interacting with individuals affected by psychosis.

Crisis Support and De-escalation

In this area, participants will be equipped with techniques for providing immediate support during a crisis, including de-escalation strategies to help reduce the intensity of a psychotic episode and ensure the safety of both the individual and others.

Recovery and Treatment Options

This section explores various treatment options and pathways to recovery for individuals with psychosis, including medication, psychological therapies, and community support. Participants will learn about available resources and understand how to guide those affected toward appropriate help and support.

How does the "Psychosis" module work?


The module takes 3 Hours,  providing a focussed and comprehensive learning experience.

Small Group Sizes

Classes, of 8-16, are kept small to facilitate personalised attention, encourage active participation, and foster a supportive learning environment.

Interactive Learning

The course features a mix of presentations, group discussions, case studies, videos, and role-playing exercises to ensure a practical, hands-on learning experience.


Instructors maintain a safe and confidential space for participants to share their experiences and ask questions without judgment.

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Why Train with Green Ribbons?

Unraveling the Threads of Mental Well-being

Green Ribbons is dedicated to delivering high-quality Mental Health First Aid training in Scotland, empowering individuals to recognise mental health challenges, provide support, and foster a culture of empathy and understanding. By tying together knowledge, empathy, and resilience our accessible mental health training promotes understanding, reduces stigma, and enables individuals, businesses and communities to prioritise mental well-being. Everyone benefits from Mental Health Awareness Training

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  • 30 Years working within the Mental Health sector
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